W6IFE Newsletter

President Frank Kelly WB6CWN 12653 Hubbard Sylmar CA 91342 818-362-5432
VP Dick Bremer WB6DNX  1664 Holly Brea CA 92621 714-529-2800
Recording Sec Dick Kolbly K6HIJ 26335 Community Barstow CA 92311 619-253-2477
Correspond Sec Larry Johnston K6HLH 16611 E Valeport Lancaster CA 93535 805-264-4110
Treasurer George Tillitson K6MBL PO Box 974 Wrightwood CA 92397 619-249-6622
Editor Bill Burns WA6QYR 247 Rebel Road Ridgecrest, CA 93555 619-375-8566
The 6 June meeting will have our new president talking about the ARRL Design
software. SBMS meets at the American Legion Hall 1024 Main Street Corona CA at 1930
hours local time.
Last Meeting Discussion was held on the FCC plans to use part of the 5 GHz ham band
for an unlicensed SUPERNET Device band with equipment from Motorola and Apple. Dave
WA6OWD will be providing SBMS comments to FCC. Treasurer George was approved to move
the Society bank account to Lockheed Credit Union and add Dick K6HIJ as alternate
signer to the account. John WA6BFH, SBMS rep to Inland Empire Radio Council, reported
that the Society was requested to provide some funding to move the SW Division ARRL
Conference to Riverside. The membership voted to provide $10/person in addition to
participate in tech talks and demos. Members are making plans to be out in the June
contest on 2 Ghz and up. Phil W6HCC was out to the Loma Linda ARC to demo and talk
about amateur microwave. The parking lot patrol continues at the meetings. 22 people
Welcome to new members; Peter Kofler IN3GHZ Sudtirol, Italy; Gordon West, WB6NOA;
Peter Von Hagen WA6HXM Palos Vedes Estates.
   Words from the Pres.: 
The Four Seasons: Winter, Spring, Microwave and Fall Summer is a special time for
microwave enthusiasts.  Mountain roads and summits are open and our western high
pressure systems provide the temperature inversions which carry our small signals
great distances.  The summer's desert and valley heat becomes a cool breeze at 8000'
and you can see forever on a clear day.  This is the time of year to get out and make
some contacts.  Anyone considering getting into microwaves should take the time to
get up to one of the many local  operating sites during an upcoming contest or
weekend outing and see what all the fun is about! 
When I first joined the SBMS in the 70's,  I enjoyed the technical discussions and
the chance to learn from the experts, but it wasn't until I followed Chuck and Phil
up to Heaps Peak many years later did I realize where the fun REALLY was.  There is
nothing like a microwave contact, one that you really have to work at.  Anyone who's
made one knows that's its special.  Its what we do. It doesn't come easy however.  It
takes work and you have to want to do it.  I can almost guarantee that most of us
didn't make a contact on the first time out.  I suppose that adds to the excitement
when you finally hear that first carrier down in the noise and move the antenna
around to peak it up.   The eventual contact might only be 20 or 30 miles but it
actually works and YOU built it!   Its a special moment and I guarantee everyone
who's been there can tell you who they first worked what radio they were using.
Many SBMS members are working towards this first contact now.  Soon they'll know what
I'm talking about and you'll see that look in their eyes too.  If you've been coming
to the SBMS meetings and still don't get it, here's your chance.  Come up the
mountain this summer.  Watch the process and ask a lot of questions.  Operate one of
the radios and tweak the dish on a wispy CW signal coming 300 miles down from
Northern California.  Listen to two different signals coming from one distant station
as you find the direct path plus Doppler shift off an airplane 100 miles away.  Hear
a 40/S9 signal coming 400 miles over water up from Mexico.  Find the beacons your
fellow hams have built to help you find your frequency and beam headings.  Learn how
the weather, the rising sun and pancakes for breakfast can make a difference.  Get
sunburnt and frostbitten at the same time.   Then, come down from the hill and start
planning your own radio.  It might take a two or three years to build, but its worth
it.  Come out and join us on a hill this summer.  Find out why we REALLY do this.  
              Frank WB6CWN
6 June Chuck WA6EXV Noise Figure Measurement session 2 mtr, 70 cm, 30 Mhz IF.
8 June VHF QSO party
22 June Field Day
6 July Picnic at Craig Park in Fullerton, CA, entry fee $2-3, see Dick WB6DNX
1 August George K6MBL scanned and copies of SBMS historical images
3-4 Aug. UHF contest
5 Sept.   TBD
3 Oct. Dick K6HIJ RF component design
June Contest Microwave Active Sites
Frank WB6CWN DM08 2 mtr, 2 &10 Ghz, Gordon WB6NOA/MM CM92 10 Ghz; Chuck WA6EXV,
DM15DP 2, 3, 5, 10 Ghz Sat and at DM08 sun; Brian KD6LI Loma Prieta ranch 2, 10 GHz;
Phil W6HCC on Heaps & Keller Pks DM15KF/LE 2-10 Ghz ; Jim NW7O Mt. Ella DM27; Jack
N6XQ on Island DM02 10 Ghz with other on lower bands; N6IZW/WB6IGP on Soledad late
Saturday afternoon.  W6OYJ on Mt. Laguna Saturday and Soledad Sunday.  N6IZW and
WB6IGP will have 10 GHz and 2.3/3.4 GHz rigs available. W6OYJ only 10 Ghz. KC6UQH on
Santa Rosa and N6RE Santa Ynez with 10 GHz ATV only.   Liaison plans; 144.2+/- Mhz
San Bernardino Microwave Society is a technical amateur radio club affiliated with
the ARRL having a membership of over 100 amateurs from Hawaii to the east coast. Dues
are $15 per year which includes a badge and monthly newsletter. Your mail label
indicates your call followed by when it is time to renew your dues. Dues can be sent
to the treasurer as listed under the banner on the front page. If you have material
you would like in the newsletter please send it to Bill WA6QYR at 247 Rebel Road
Ridgecrest, CA 93555, WA6QYR@WA6YBN.SOCA.CA.USA, bburns@ridgecrest.ca.us, or phone
619-375-8566. The newsletter is generated about the 15th of the month and put into
the mail at least the week prior to the meeting.
Activity Reported at the May meeting
Bob, W6SAY has some Qualcom 10 Ghz transverter boards.
Ken, WB6DTA has some bricks for LO.
Dick, WB6DNX has beacon for Santiago operating now with 300 mw on 10265. Will be
adding voice and MCW ID.
Derek KN6TD designing boxes for Down East 10 Ghz rig.
Joe WA6PAZ did a great talk at the West Coast VHF conference.
Dick K6HIJ designing some directional couplers.
George K6MBL still looking for more photos for the August talk.
John W6VYS has a satellite receiver.
Al KF6YM reported that there is a 2w 3480 Mhz beacon on Santiago Pk.
Matt, KE6ALM ordered an 18 inch dish and materials for a rig.
John WA6BFH has been talking at many clubs, and is looking for 10 Ghz talk for the
ARRL 97 convention in Riverside and some demos.
Chip N6CA has been working on a tower, mods to TS-850, new 1200 Mhz antenna.
Phil, W6HCC doing windows programming and Loma Linda ARC talk.
Dave WA6OWD QSO on 3456 Mhz with W6HCC.
Chuck, WA6EXV working on drive motors of dish and antenna range. Has surplus parts
for 3456 Mhz TVRO RF amp , they need 1st stage device.
Stuart K6YAZ went to the land mobile show in Vegas. Much demand for spectrum.
   Area reports- NORCAL
From:	jpawlan@pawlan.com (Jeffrey Pawlan)   "50 Mhz and Up Group"
Good news!  We definitely have the Lockheed auditorium (bldg 202) again for our next
meeting which will be as previously announced on Saturday, May 18, at 1:00pm sharp. 
This is in Palo Alto off of Hanover St. which is accessible from Page Mill Road. 
Sorry about the conflict with Dayton, but  we could not find a better date. The
program will consist of:
1.   Brian Yee leading a discussion on contesting, mountain toping, and field day.
2.  I will give a tutorial on VSWR: what is it, how is it measured at VHF, UHF, and
microwave,  and what is its effect on transmission and on weak signal reception.
3.  We will have a low-key informal members-only swapmeet for VHF, UHF, and microwave
The meeting of the VHF, UHF, Microwave Experimenter's Club of N. Calif. was held in
Palo Alto yesterday (May 18) with about 33 people in attendance. The lower attendance
was due to some hams being at Dayton and some getting ready for a VHF sprint. The
membership voted to change the name to: "The 50 MHz and Up Group" and the Newsletter,
which will be put on the web later will be: Dirty Dishes The minutes will be posted
in the next week and the http address will be sent to all of you when it is ready. I
thank Brian Yee KD6LI, Jimmy Trebig W6JKV, Bob Magnani K6QXY, and Brad Wyatt K6WR for
their contributions to the program. The up-to-date revised roster in printed form was
available at the meeting for $3.00 and there are 34 copies left, if you want one. 
You can either pick one up from me or you can send me $3.00 plus $1 for postage and a
manila envelope. Jim Moss is going to try to arrange the next meeting on Thurs, June
20 in Santa Clara at 7pm.  We will send out email announcements when he has definite
information. 73s,
Jeffrey Pawlan  WA6KBL  email: jpawlan@pawlan.com
14908 Sandy Ln.   San Jose, CA 95124-4340       
Thanks, Jim W6ASL
From: brian@compass.Ebay.Sun.COM (Brian Yee) Northern California Experimenter/
Microwave group Web page
There is a new Web page on Northern California activities at 
http://www.nitehawk.com/rasmit/n_ca_uw1.html   73, KD6LI
   May 1996 San Diego report
At the May 20 meeting of the SD Microwave Group, the following rigs were demonstrated
by their owners: Jerry, WA6VLF: home-brew xcvrs for 2.3, 3.4, and 5.7 GHz, with Tx
outputs of 2 mw, 10 mw, and TBD, respectively.  Kerry, N6IZW: home-brew portable rig
for 3.4 GHz with 5 dB NF and about +5 dBm output.  Based on a Qualcomm synthesizer
(different type than used for the 10 GHz conversions).  Kerry used a cavity-backed
spiral antenna.  These have been showing up at the swap meets lately.  They have an
SMA connector. Measurements show better than 10-12 dB return loss over the 1-20+ Ghz
range! Chuck, WB6IGP: similar 3.4 GHz rig with about 1 mw output.  Chuck and Kerry
made a mobile-to-home station QSO before the meeting began.  Chuck used a coaxial 3
band (WA3RMX type) antenna feed as his antenna.  He has several of these stripline
antennas available.
Ed, W6OYJ: demonstrated a 2.3 GHz receiving converter made of boards from an LMW Kit
he assembled several years ago.  The transmit portion of the kit proved impossible to
complete, as the parts did not match the schematic, the schematic did not match the
boards, and the boards did not match the assembly drawings.  This converter was used
in 1991? to receive the Heap's Peak beacon from High Point in SD County.
Art, KC6UQH demonstrated a new 36-inch dish obtained for him by N6RE. He is using a
helix feed antenna with cup reflector for his X-band Amateur TV tests with N6RE.
Pete, W6DXJ is working on an WA6OWD phaselock board for his LO  He also is installing
a new brick-based LO for his tower-mounted 10 GHz home station.
J, KD6PBH (That's how he spells his first name) picked up a DSS dish antenna and a TR
Relay for his 10 GHz rig at the last swap meet.        
73s from Ed
From: "Robert E. Munn" 75353.1255@CompuServe.COM   Subject: W6IFE License Renewal Bug
Today I was surprised to receive the renewal licenses for both W6IFE and my own
W6OYJ.  It only took about two weeks!! There is a bug, however in the FCC's renewal
setup for Club Licenses. The W6IFE license does not become effective until May 6,
2006.....but it expires on May 6, 2003!! So I have sent them a letter asking them to
keep us in this Century for a few more years.  Meanwhile, our previous license is in
effect until August. 73s from Ed, W6OYJ>>
   From: kbanke@qualcomm.com (Kerry Banke)
Last Monday at our San Diego Microwave Group meeting, Pete W6DXJ, Chuck WB6IGP, and I
worked each other across the yard on 2304 MHz for the first time. The object was to
get some of the pieces for this band (gathering dust) on the air.  Yesterday Chuck
went up to Mt. Helix & worked me from my home. although this was a whopping 3 mile
contact, it did give us a basic shakedown. we are both running about +15-20 dBm into
30" dishes. We are experimenting with some of the cavity backed spiral antennas which
are showing up at the surplus houses & flea markets. These are circularly polarized &
we're attempting to use them as multiband feeds from 1.3-10 Ghz. 
On our Sunday contact, I was able to insert about 50 dB of attenuation and still copy
on FM so we'll do some calculations to see how the antenna gains & such are doing. 
We're ready to do some hill topping & work some of the SBMS guys when you're ready.
We are using the Qualcomm synthesizers and mixers in these rigs & they seem to be
doing a good job. There are plenty more available. Contact Chuck WB6IGP for more info
on these. We have also been removing (mostly SMD) parts from scrap Qualcomm boards
which might generate some interest. We have quantities of  2334 Dual DDS chips (30
Mhz clock) and compatible DACs,  3036 & 3216 1.6 GHz PLLs, .6-1.2 GHz VCOs, SBL1
mixers, a few SRA-11 mixers, 225 & 247 MHz 3 stage Toko Helical filters, 80 MHz A/D
converters, Static RAM, Flash RAM, dual & quad UARTs, 21.4 MHz 40 KHz wide filters,
3356 FSK receiver ICs,  tons of general CMOS SMD devices of all types, LM120,140,395
voltage regulators, 25 & 30 Mhz clock oscillators, Tantalum caps, resistor networks,
80186 Processors & lots more. Would there be any interest in doing some inter-group
project (maybe laying out a DDS board) which we can assist in by supplying  parts?
Just food for thought.  At our May meeting we will be checking out 3456 Mhz equipment
followed by 5760 MHz in June. Jerry, WA6VLF indicates his newly assembled 2.3 GHz rig
copied the Heaps Peak beacon from Miguel in San Diego with a horn antenna (vertically
polarized & FM modulation).   At the May 20 SDMG meeting we expect to have W6OYJ on
2.3 GHz and WA6VLF, WB6IGP, and N6IZW  on 2.3 & 3.5 GHz. Next month we'll be going
for whatever we can assemble on 5.7 GHz (we have a few C-Band versions of the
Qualcomm Omnitrack units with 4 watt PAs  on which I'll be attempting a conversion).
	Subject: San Diego X-Band Repeater coming down for Modifications
Jerry, WA6VLF & I anticipate taking down the San Diego X-Band repeater on Saturday
May 11 for modifications. It will no doubt be out of service for a couple of months.
Both Miguel 10 GHz beacons will continue to function as they are independent of the
repeater & are only somewhat amplified by it.
The repeater currently appears as two 13 dB omni antennas with 70 of amplifier gain
between them. We hope to provide additional input/output isolation by increasing the
antenna spacing  from the current less than 10 feet to around 45 feet. I also suspect
that the existing tubular fiberglass housing is causing some degradation by acting as
every lossy waveguide along its length & causing coupling between the input & output
antennas. This  modification should allow us to increase the repeater gain by
whatever additional amount of isolation we achieve. We will also be modifying the
remote control system and changing where the variable attenuator is placed in the
repeater amplifier chain. The current location of the voltage controlled attenuator
is limiting the maximum output power to about 0.1 watt. Moving the attenuator away
from the PA & more towards the LNA end of the system should enable the full 1 watt
output capability. I'll keep you posted on our progress. 
I also can provide an email
version of the San Diego X-Band Repeater write-up I did for the West Coast VHF
Conference Proceedings for those who are interested. Not too far in the back of my
head is a multiband beacon to cover 2-10 Ghz as a next project. 73 - Kerry N6IZW -
   EAST   From: Paul Wade N1BWT & Beth Wade N1SAI wade@tiac.net
preview the N1BWT 10 GHz home page at http://www.tiac.net/users/wade.  suggestions
welcome! 73 paul
I recently found a source for test equipment manuals at a fair price, for those of us
who find old treasures at fleas:
Ed Matsuda  Test Equipment Manuals   PO Box 390613   San Diego, CA 92149  619-479-
0225 FAX 619-479-1670 My orders to date had rapid response. Thanks to Ed Walker,
WA4DFS, for finding this guy. paul N1BWT
   Inland Empire- From: John Wendt http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/2775/  
    73 for now, CUL de John WA6BFH 
   World--Dr Barry Chambers, Dept of Electronic & Electrical Eng, University of
Sheffield Mappin St Sheffield S1 3JD, U.K email: b.chambers@sheffield.ac.uk phone:  +
44 (0)114 282 5588
   Subject: Greetings from UK Microwavers
This note is to say hello from the RSGB Microwave Newsletter editors (Barry G8AGN and
myself, Peter G3PHO) on behalf of all the microwave enthusiasts over here in the
United Kingdom. A number of G stations with our common interest will be at Dayton
this year...look out for them at the Radisson Hotel on Friday night. Our Microwave
Newsletter is published monthly and consists of technical articles, when the
readership send them to the editors :-) , activity news (mainly Eu biassed) and
component/equipment news. 
It is a 12 to 16 page booklet and is published ten times a year, monthly with a bi-
monthly issue around Christmas and the midsummer period. We would like to hear from
microwavers from any part of the world. The subscription details can be obtained from
the RSGB, Subscriptions Dept., Lambda House, Cranborne Road, Potters Bar, Herts., EN6
3JE, England.  As yet we do not have a microwave web page....maybe some time in the
future. We are always pleased to hear from visiting hams. We often see Gordon,
WB6YLI, who comes over here from CA every summer to operate our 10ghz Cumulatives!
BTW has anyone got any information on the Digital Microwave Corporation 23 GHz
modules type R11DM2003? They have become available on the ham "market" over here and
produce about +16dB at their design frequency. They consist of a 2 x GaAsFET pa, a 2
x GaAsFET RX preamp/mixer, with IF at 1.2GHz and a DRO local oscillator. Many of us
are trying to convert them for 24 GHz ssb/cw and would appreciate any circuits and
other details technical information.
73 Peter G3PHO Co-Editor RSGB Microwave Newsletter QRV 1.8-30MHz, 144MHz, 1.3GHz,
10GHz, 24GHz
   From: BARRY CHAMBERS B.Chambers@sheffield.ac.uk
   Subject:       Brick phase locked sources
I have a "brick" phase locked source using an internal 106.5MHz xtal and having an
output frequency of 10224MHz (+144MHz = 10368MHz NB). I seem to recall seeing a
similar oscillator some time ago which had  no internal xtal oscillator but provision
for feeding in an external  signal (in my case at 106.5MHz).I would like to do this,
using a synthesised source. Please can someone suggest what mods I need to make to
the brick ? 
    73 from the UK, Barry  G8AGN  (RSGB Microwave Newsletter ed) 
   ARRL PACIFIC DIVISION UPDATE JUNE, 1996 by Brad Wyatt, K6WR, Director, Pacific
Division, ARRL Pacific Division Home Page -- http://www.pdarrl.org/
5725 - 5875 MHz Band is Threatened:-
On May 6, 1996, the FCC released a Notice of Proposed Rule Making, ET Docket 96-102,
for a proposed wireless Internet called NII/SUPERNet. This proposed unlicensed
service would occupy the 5725 - 5875 MHz segment of the 5650 - 5925 MHz Amateur Band. 
A special Pacific Division 5725 - 5875 MHz Alert Team is already in place with all
the information necessary to work with ARRL and Comment on the NPRM to help save the
band. Comments are due in 60 days; Reply Comments in 90 days.
If there are any others interested in being part of this team, please contact me at
my Internet address, above. The text version in ASCII format (no footnotes and
without special formatting) is available via Internet. There are two parts to this
bulletin; each part is about 45K bytes each.  If you wish a Word Perfect or Word for
Windows copy which contains special formatting and the footnotes, W6CF can e-mail you
a zipped, UUencoded copy. Please note that the zipped, encoded WordPerfect and Word
for Windows files are  105K bytes and 67K bytes in length, respectively. You'll need
to decode and unzip the files before printing. Please contact 
w6cf@arrl.org if you wish this service.
   FCC Cracks Down On 2-Meter Jammer - KB5UJD Yields Ham Ticket for Life:-
Irvin J. Foret, KB5UJD, of Metairie, LA, one of a group of hams cited for 2 meter
interference in the New Orleans area, has agreed to immediately surrender his Amateur
Radio license for life and permanently divest himself of all electronic equipment
capable of transmitting on the ham bands. In addition, Foret has agreed to refrain
for life from applying for any FCC license or permit, regardless of the service; from
participating as a third party in any communication in the Amateur Radio service; and
from transmitting on CB. Foret also agreed to pay $500. In addition, Foret agreed to
"cooperate fully and completely with all government officials in connection with any
ongoing or future administrative or law enforcement investigations" or proceedings
involving ham radio operations by others. Just maybe this is the beginning of FCC
enforcement of rules. See editorial on page 9, June 1996 QST and page 77 June QST for
more details.
The KD6PBH GPS display is a compact unit which shows latitude, longitude, UTC "zulu"
time, the number of satellites and the computed Maidenhead Grid Square location.  As
input, the unit takes a serial connection from a GPS receiver which outputs the
standard NMEA GPGGA sentence and +9-15V power.  Output is provided on an LCD display
with 2 lines and 16 characters per line and LED backlight.  The 6-character grid
square computation is valid for any North American location.
The heart of the KD6PBH GPS display is an MC68HC705J1A microcontroller in a 20 pin
DIP package.  This receives the serial input, drives the LCD display module, and
computes the grid square from the latlong. Other components include the smart LCD
module, a serial receiver chip, on-board power regulator and LCD bias voltage
generator.  The RS-232 receiver chip has been shown to work with commercial GPS
receivers (e.g., the Garmond 45) which can output GPGGA messages on their serial
port.  The unit consumes 12-15 mA with backlight off and roughly 50 mA with backlight
on. Firmware for the micro is burned into on-board PROM. The kit includes all parts,
a PC board, programmed microcontroller, instructions, and the LCD module.  
Not included in the kit are the external cabinet and connectors for your application.
Several folks have used the blue plastic Radio Shack box measuring roughly 1.25 x 2.5
x 4.5 inches, with Molex and/or DB-9 connectors.
The kit costs $45 including tax.  Shipping is additional, and will vary with the
method you prefer.  You can reserve a kit by writing email to j@harper.com, calling
619.693.9046, or even sending USMail to J Goldberg  Harper Technologies  P.O. Box
26910  San Diego, CA 92196-0910
To order, please send a check to the above address.  (At this time, I cannot accept
credit card orders.) Please allow 2-4 weeks for delivery.  However, if you have
reserved a kit in advance, your order will be given priority and filled more quickly
(and often from stock within a couple of days).
There may be cheaper places, but all the crystals I've gotten from International
Crystal (800-426-9825) have worked. For 10 GHz bricks, specify Catalog No. 585155 and
the crystal frequency.  This number is for a Frequency West MS-76, but should work
for all the bricks made to the same Collins spec. For 6 GHz bricks, specify Catalog
No. 585132 and the crystal frequency.  This number is for a Frequency West MS-54, but
should work for all the bricks made to the same Collins spec. You will also be asked
if the crystal is ovenized - most of the ones with an internal oscillator are, but
you should look.  The oven is a little metal housing around the crystal with a
transistor bolted to one side as the heater.  
There is also a cover over the crystal, either black rubber or aluminum. Current
price is $18.45 each, with about one month delivery.mMinimum order is $35, so pooling
orders to buy at least twois a good idea.
CRYSTAL FREQUENCY The 10 GHz bricks multiply the crystal by 108, so divide your
desired LO frequency by 108.
The 6 GHz bricks multiply the crystal by 60, so divide your desired LO frequency by
60. The 4 GHz bricks multiply the crystal by 39, so divide your desired LO frequency
by 39. All of the bricks I've ever seen are above the respective ham bands, so I
strongly recommend using high side LO injection. The frequency will tune backwards
and the IF radio will need LSB to run USB on the microwave band, but your frequency
calibration is never going to be exact anyway.  The frequency after multiplication
will be off by as much as 50 KHz, so plan for this when you select the frequency.  I
don't know if you can pull the crystal frequency anyway - I prefer to peak the
oscillator and have it stable.  Once the oven warms up, these oscillators are as
stable as the average 2 meter transceiver. 
The bricks have an output interdigital filter.  Most are tuned significantly above
the ham band, so they will provide an LO for a 432 MHz IF but not a 144 MHz IF
without retuning. Retuning is best done with a spectrum analyzer; if you are intent
on doing it, check with me for suggestions. LO calculation example (ones I have
   10368.1 + 432.2 = 10800.3, divide by 108 = 100.002778 MHz
   10368.1 + 144.2 = 10512.3, divide by 108 =  97.336111 MHz
    5760.1 + 432.2 = 6192.3,  divide by  60 = 103.205 MHz
    5760.1 + 144.3 = 5904.4,  divide by  60 =  98.406667 MHz
    3456.1 + 432.2 = 3888.3,  divide by  39 =  99.700000 MHz
Note that an IF of 144.2 MHz or 432.1 MHz puts you in danger of having IF feedthrough
problems during a contest - a problem I've suffered with.  My choices are limited by
the limited tuning range of my IC202 and IC402.  If you have a fancy multimode radio,
you have a wider choice, but be careful.  If you are going mountaintopping, repeater
outputs start about 144.5, and packet stations around 145 MHz can provide constant
noise - both can leak through and drive your IF radio crazy.  
(PS - bypass caps AND ferrite beads on your power, mike, and key leads will help with
strong TV and FM stations on many mountaintops.)
INSTALLING THE CRYSTAL The crystals are in a metal transistor can (TO-5).  When you
remove the old crystal, note that it has an insulator under the can with holes for
the leads - save this and use it with the new one.  New crystals have excessive lead
length, which can short out inside (intermittently, of course).  Cut the leads to the
same length as the old crystal (around 1/4 inch) VERY carefully - if you shock the
crystal, you might as well throw it away.  
Hold the lead with a pair of needlenose pliers between the can and the cutters to
absorb the shock.  Finally, hold the crystal with needlenose pliers and slip it into
the socket -it may take a few tries to line up the pins, but don't force it and bend
the pins (practice with the old crystal might help). Replace the spring clip, oven
cover, and cover plate.
TUNEUP  Apply -19 or -20 volts as marked (the -20 volt units have an internal series
diode for reverse voltage protection - not a bad idea).  Connect a DC voltmeter from
the "XTAL" terminal to ground and adjust the "REF ADJ" for maximum indication.  Check
the crystal frequency at the "REF MON" connector with a frequency counter - if it's
an oddball connector, shove a piece of wire in to get a reading. Now connect an
oscilloscope from the phase terminal (may be marked with Greek letter phi) to ground.
 There is probably a square wave present - that is the phase-lock circuit searching
for the oscillator.  Adjust the "CAVITY TUNE" adjustment gently (easy to break
plastic shaft) until the square wave disappears and a DC voltage is present - the
oscillator is now phase-locked. Adjust it back and forth to center the tuning in the
lock range. If you have a frequency meter, check the output frequency to make sure it
is locked to the right harmonic; if not, tune the cavity to a different lock point. 
Power output should be at least 10 milliwatts - if much less, the interdigital filter
needs retuning. If mountaintopping in New England is contemplated, you might want to
seal the brick in a ziplock bag, put it in the refrigerator for a few hours, then
take it out and touch up the adjustments to be sure it will start cold. Some units
have an "ALARM" terminal.  This is a relay contact which closes if phase lock is
lost; I've had it happen on cold mountaintops.  Use it to light a warning LED.
    73's,     Bill

Back to the SBMS Home Page.